For some time I have been intrigued by the beautiful voices of four young men, singers
in the Holloway High School Quartet, recorded by John W. Work III in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in 1941. To mark African American Heritage Month this year, I thought I would try to find out a little more about them. I have only managed to collect a few facts about their lives. But perhaps writing about them will help call more attention to Zema Richardson, Warren G. Johnson, Anthony Winrow, and Richard Gregory.
“On February 14, Americans celebrate love and friendship by exchanging cards, flowers, and candy. Although the origins of Valentine’s Day are murky, ancient Romans celebrated the feast of Lupercalia, a spring festival, on the fifteenth of February. Like so many holidays, a Christian gloss was added to the pagan fete when the holiday moved to the fourteenth of February—the saint day associated with several early Christian martyrs named Valentine. “The romance we associate with Valentine’s Day may spring from the medieval belief that birds select their mates on February 14. During the Middle Ages, lovers recited verse or prose to one another in honor of the day.
DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE COLOR PURPLE? Most of us are familiar with the “POSTED: NO TRESPASSING” signs that appear throughout the county. Under the former Alabama trespass law, an intruder upon rural, unfenced property was not necessarily a trespasser unless “notice against trespass is personally communicated to him by the owner of such land or another authorized person, or unless such notice is given by posting in a conspicuous manner.” BUT NOW, landowners have another option: PURPLE PAINT. The definition of “posting in a conspicuous manner” now includes painting vertical stripes of purple paint upon trees or posts along the property line. The full definition of the new posting rule is listed below:
POSTING IN A CONSPICUOUS MANNER 13A-7-1
A sign or signs posted on the property, reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders, indicating that entry is forbidden or the placement of identifying purple paint marks on trees or posts on the property, provided that the marks satisfy all of the following:
* Are vertical lines of not less than eight inches in length and not less than one inch in width.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Sept. 1, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — The Yankee experimental submarine, code named Turtle, was launched against the British warship, HMS Eagle, on September 6, 1776. In the attack, the submarine attempted to attach an underwater bomb, but was forced to withdraw when the corkscrew tethered to the explosive wouldn’t penetrate the warship’s hull. The submarine made a similar attempt later against the HMS Phoenix with the same results. In the end, however, success was achieved when a standalone torpedo, perfected in the secret program, was used by Colonial commandos to sink a British sloop. Photo – http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160831/403054
Details of the submarine’s development were uncovered by examining letters from the inventor, David Bushnell, and correspondence between Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklinand George Washington. You can read about the clandestine program along with British attempts to foil the submarine in a recently published book, “Washington’s Undersea War,” by Shawn Shallow, Gatekeeper Press. Submarine Construction
The process began when a brilliant Yale student, David Bushnell, designed the rudimentary submarine before recruiting his brother Ezra and a local craftsman Isaac Doolittle for actual construction. Working in secret, they produced a working submarine, round and almost six feet in height, with a brass head containing eight small glass windows. Early attempts to operate the machine underwater met with multiple problems including total darkness for the operator. Rumors of the invention reached George Washington who arranged for funds to perfect the underwater machine and train a military pilot, Ezra Lee. On the evening of September 6, 1776; Washington launched the Turtle in an attack of the HMS Eagle. When unable to attach the underwater bomb, the Turtle was forced to return to the surface where it was spotted by British guards on Governor’s Island New York who gave chase in a rowboat. In response, the pilot Ezra Lee, detonated the torpedo between himself and his pursuers to affect his escape. A second attempt followed against the H.M.S. Phoenix with similar results.